There are loads of heating systems in the HVAC market that you can choose from for your home. While making your decision, there are certain factors you need to keep in mind, such as your room size, size, price and features of the heating system, etc.
An efficient heating system not only keeps your house cozy during the chilly winter days but also ensures low electricity bills. Here are the most popular types of heating systems that you can opt for:
Central Heating Systems
A central heating system can be used to warm up an entire home or multiple rooms. In this type of heating system, the heat is produced via a central heat source. Therefore, place the unit in a secluded area of the home, such as the attic or basement. The three major types of central heating systems include furnaces, boilers, and heat pumps.
Central Heating via Furnaces
This type of heating system makes use of electricity, gas, or fuel oil to generate heat, which is then distributed using ductwork and vents. Gas, oil, electric and modulating furnaces are the main types of furnaces.
Central Heating via a Boiler
This system produces heat in boilers and distributes it in the form of hot water via pumps. Boilers are regulated using valves that control the overall temperature and water flow. Yearly maintenance is important to ensure the proper functioning of this system.
Central Heating via a Heat Pump
While heat pumps are a relatively older method of heating, they provide the benefit of providing year-round climate control. They are energy-efficient since they use electricity for heat distribution. Two of the most frequently used heat pumps include air heat pumps and ground source heat pumps.
Pros of Central Heating
- Central heating distributes heat evenly throughout the house.
- Furnace heating is generally inexpensive to install and use, with electric furnaces being more cost-effective than gas furnaces.
- Central heating is safe and can be left on while you sleep, unlike space heaters.
Cons of Central Heating
- Installing a central heating system can be more costly as compared to a decentralized one.
- There is a time lag before the generation of heat output.
- Considerable space is required to keep a central heating unit.
In-Floor Radiant Heating
This heating system includes built-in pipes beneath the floor. While this may sound like a modern idea, it has been in existence since the times of ancient Romans. The heating system delivers heat right from its surface throughout an area.
- They are energy-efficient.
- There is even distribution of heat.
- These systems do not require regular maintenance.
- They are hard to install, especially if a home has already been constructed.
- Air conditioning systems cannot be combined with it.
- Temperature change is relatively slow.
Portable Space Heaters
These are usually used when the main heating system proves to be insufficient or when central heating is too expensive. Small heaters can be a reasonable option for heating a single room or supplementing the main heating system.
- These heaters are typically easy to operate.
- As they only warm the room and the occupants in it, they can be cost-effective.
- Portable space heaters are inexpensive.
- They can cause house fires if left unattended.
- Portable space heaters are not suitable for extended use.
- Operating multiple portable heaters in your house can substantially increase your utility bill.
You can choose a suitable heating system for your home depending on the climate in your area and the size of your lodging. Central heating systems are generally preferred for cooler climates, while space heaters are better for milder weather or complement central heating systems.